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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published elsewhere (except for conference abstracts). Furthermore, the work is not under consideration for publication anywhere else and its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities ― tacitly or ― explicitly ― at the institute where the work has been carried out.

The manuscript should be in the following order:

  • Cover letter
  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Text
  • Acknowledgements (if any)
  • Funding (if any)
  • Author contributions
  • References
  • Tables and figures
  • Supplementary Material (uploaded separately)

1. Cover letter
A standard cover letter should be summarizing and focus on the importance and uniqueness of your findings, as well as how they relate to the scope of the journal.

2. Title page

The title page should include: ① A concise and informative title; ② The name(s) of the author(s); ③ The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s); ④ The e-mail address and telephone number of the corresponding author; ⑤ Acknowledgement.

3. Abstract

Abstracts are required for all types of manuscripts (except for opinions, commentaries and letters to the editor) and should consist of no more than 250 words. Abstracts should include the following structure: Objectives, Methods, Results and Conclusion.

4. Keywords

All manuscript should include 4-6 keywords, not included in the title of the paper.

5. Text

Manuscripts should be structured according to the type of article (see above).

6. Acknowledgements (if any)

All contributors of the paper who are not named as co-authors should be mentioned in the acknowledgement section.

7. Funding (if any)

Funding sources should be clearly stated

8. Author contributions

Please provide a contributorship statement by indicating each author's contribution to the paper according to the ICMJE guidelines for authorship. For detailed information on these guidelines, please refer to the webpage:
The statement should state how each author contributed to the article. Please include individual contributions to planning, conduct and reporting of the work in your paper. Conception and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data, etc. may also be considered. Please note that persons listed as an author who do not fulfill all three of the criteria mentioned above should be moved to the acknowledgment section.

9. References

During the initial submission, authors may choose any referencing style. However, the style needs to be consistent throughout the manuscript.

10. Figures and tables

Figures and tables should appear in the body of the paper near the place where they are mentioned. High-resolution images should also be uploaded separately as figure files. The figures and tables should be cited in numeric order in the text.

All image files for figures should be labeled with the figure number (label each part if figures include multiple parts, e.g, 2A, 2B). The figure legend should be placed below each figure and should include descriptions of each figure part and identify the meaning of any symbols or arrows. Terms used for labels and in the legend must be consistent with those in the text.

Color will be used in the Journal where needed (e.g, histology slides or surgical photographs). All other figures, such as bar graphs and charts, should be submitted in black and white.

Figures for papers accepted for publication must meet the image resolution requirements. Files for line-based drawings (no grayscale) should ideally be submitted in the format they were originally created; if submitting scanned versions, files should be 1200 dots per inch (dpi). Color photos should be submitted at 600 dpi and black-and-white photos at 300 dpi.

Charts and graphs can be submitted in the original form created (e.g, Word, Excel, or PowerPoint). Photographs or scanned drawings embedded in Word or PowerPoint are not acceptable for publication.

All photographs of patients that disclose their identity must be accompanied by a signed photographic release granting permission for their likeness to be reproduced in the article. If this is not provided, the patient’s eyes must be occluded to prevent recognition.

For tables, the system accepts most common word processing formats. Tables should have a title that describes the content and purpose of the table. Tables should enhance, not duplicate, information in the text.

If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s).

11. Supplementary material

Authors are encouraged to include only concise Figures and Tables that directly support the study design and outcome to the main document of the manuscript. All other relevant information should be submitted as supplementary material.



Medical Theory Research

Medical Theory Research

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